HOW THE GPA IS CALCULATED
The GPA is used by colleges to assess and compare applicants. When colleges report their admissions profiles and academic information for entering classes, they report GPA (grade point average) on a 4.0 scale. The Cumulative Grade Point Average is the mean GPA from all academic terms within a given academic year. When one speaks only of the GPA, however, it refers to the semester GPA. The GPA Calculator returns both GPA values for you to use in comparing and assessing your competitiveness.
The majority of colleges and universities will use your high schools grading scale to determine your GPA. For example, if your high school uses the abbreviated scale, the college will calculate your GPA using the abbreviated scale. If your high school uses the traditional 4.0 scale or some version of it, the college will use the 4.0 scale. Some colleges, however, will strictly use the traditional 4.0 scale to calculate your GPA in order to have a uniform bases for assessing a student's academic strength. It is difficult to know which colleges will use which GPA scale.
Individual colleges and universities, schools, and education departments set the standard for determining grades. Most US colleges will calculate a student's grade point average (GPA) by assigning each letter grade a number and will use a mathematical formula to come up with a numerical representation of a student's work. There has been concern over how colleges should look at grades from various high schools because of different grading scales and systems. In other words, an "A" might be 90-100 somewhere, and a 94-100 somewhere else. As stated earlier, most colleges will use the grading scale from your high school to determine your GPA.
The GPA Calculator addresses this concern by calculating your GPA using both scales. Because of the two calculations, your GPA results will vary slightly. On the GPA Calculator tool, you will see two GPA calculations. An explanation of these differences is provided below.
For purposes of understanding how to interpret your GPA, the GPA Calculator has assigned an arbitrary name to GPA values. "College GPA" is assigned to the GPA value returned using the traditional 4.0 scale.
"HS GPA" or HOPE GPA is assigned to the GPA value most often used by high schools to determine the GPA value.
The "HS GPA" is calculated using the conversion table below:
On the abbreviated GPA scale above, percentage grades are grouped. For example, any grade between 90-100 is assigned a numeric value of 4.0 and a letter grade of "A". Any grade between 80-89 is assigned a numeric value of 3.0, and a "B" etc. On the GPA Calculator, this will be represented by "HS GPA" or "HOPE GPA." For Georgia students, the "HOPE GPA" is calculated exactly the same way as the "HS GPA" is calculated, so the GPA Calculator only displays the HOPE GPA. For other states, this will be represented only as "HS GPA."
The "College GPA" value on the other hand is returned using the traditional 4.0 scale (0-100), whereby every achievable percentage grade on the 4.0 scale is assigned a specific numeric point value and a letter grade value. The Princeton Review has listed the traditional 4.0 scale at this website for your review:
The GPA calculator will convert your percentage grades to its exact numeric equivalent and return your "College GPA." Please remember, again, that colleges will use your school's grading scale to determine your GPA. The differences in the two GPA calculations is very slight, and is provided only as a guide, and for comparison purposes.
The Admissions Calculator does not factor in weighted GPAs as most colleges will strip your grades of any weights to determine your “true” or baseline GPA, and then factor the weights in your GPA. If you have AP, IB, or other weighted courses, your GPA will be slightly higher than that which is calculated by the Admissions Calculator.
In Georgia, the Hope Scholarship GPA is calculated using the following numeric values. The HOPE scholarship GPA is calculated using unweighted grades.
Grade Percentage GPA value